Publications

Publications since 2010 are listed below. The rest are archived:

2010-Present

Protection of inorganic semiconductors for sustained, efficient photoelectrochemical water oxidation
M. F. Lichterman, K. Sun, S. Hu, X. Zhou, M. T. McDowell, M. R. Shaner, M. H. Richter, E. J. Crumlin, A. I. Carim, F. H. Saadi, B. S. Brunschwig, and N. S. Lewis
Catalysis Today, 2016, 262, 11-23
10.1016/j.cattod.2015.08.017

An Electrochemical, Microtopographical and Ambient Pressure X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Investigation of Si/TiO2/Ni/Electrolyte Interfaces
M. F. Lichterman, M. H. Richter, S. Hu, E. J. Crumlin, S. Axnanda, M. Favaro, W. Drisdell, Z. Hussain, B. S. Brunschwig, N. S. Lewis, Z. Liu, and H. J. Lewerenz
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2016, 163, H139-H146
10.1149/2.0861602jes

Polarization Control of Morphological Pattern Orientation During Light-Mediated Synthesis of Nanostructured Se-Te Films
A. I. Carim, N. A. Batara, A. Premkumar, H. A. Atwater, N. S. Lewis
ACS Nano, 2016, 10, 102-111
10.1021/acsnano.5b05119

Electrical Characteristics of the Junction between PEDOT:PSS and Thiophene-Functionalized Silicon Microwires
J. P. Bruce, D. R. Oliver, N. S. Lewis, and M. S. Freund
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2015, 7, 27160-27166
10.1021/acsami.5b07725

A Scanning Probe Investigation of the Role of Surface Motifs in the Behavior of p-WSe2 Photocathodes
J. M. Velazquez, J. John, D. V. Esposito, A. Pieterick, R. A. Pala, G. Sun, X. Zhou, Z. Huang, S. Ardo, M. P. Soriaga, B. S. Brunschwig and N. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2015 , 9, 164-175
10.1039/C5EE02530C

Introduction: Solar Energy Conversion
N. S. Lewis
Chemical Reviews, 2015, 115, 12631-12632
10.1021/acs.chemrev.5b00654

Thin-Film Materials for the Protection of Semiconducting Photoelectrodes in Solar-Fuel Generators
S. Hu, N. S. Lewis, J. W. Ager, J. Yang, J. R. McKone, and N. C. Strandwitz
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2015, 119, 24201-24228
10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b05976

Self-Optimizing Photoelectrochemical Growth of Nanopatterned Se-Te Films in Response to the Spectral Distribution of Incident Illumination
A. I. Carim, N. A. Batara, A. Premkumar, H. A. Atwater, N. S. Lewis
Nano Letters, 2015, 15, 7071-7076
10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03137

Vibrational dynamics and band structure of methyl-terminated Ge(111)
Z. M. Hund, K. J. Nihill, D. Campi, K. T. Wong, N. S. Lewis, M. Bernasconi, G. Benedek, and S. J. Sibener
Journal of Chemical Physics, 2015, 143, 124705
10.1063/1.4931178

Synthesis, Characterization, and Reactivity of Ethynyl- and Propynyl-Terminated Si(111) Surfaces
N. T. Plymale, Y.-G. Kim, M. P. Soriaga, B. S. Brunschwig, N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2015, 119, 19847-19862
10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b05028

Atomic Surface Structure of CH3-Ge(111) Characterized by Helium Atom Diffraction and Density Functional Theory
Z. M. Hund, K. J. Nihill, D. Campi, K. T. Wong, N. S. Lewis, M. Bernasconi, G. Benedek, and S. J. Sibener
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2015, 119, 18458-18466
10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b05678

The Influence of Structure and Processing on the Behavior of TiO2 Protective Layers for Stabilization of n-Si/TiO2/Ni Photoanodes for Water Oxidation
M. T. McDowell, M. F. Lichterman, A. I. Carim, R. Liu, S. Hu, B. S. Brunschwig, and N. S. Lewis
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2015, 7, 15189-15199
10.1021/acsami.5b00379

Synthesis and Characterization of Atomically Flat Methyl-Terminated Ge(111) Surfaces
K. T. Wong, Y.-G. Kim, M. P. Soriaga, B. S. Brunschwig, and N. S. Lewis
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2015, 137, 9006-9014
10.1021/jacs.5b03339

Enhancement of the performance of GaP solar cells by embedded In(N)P quantum dots
Y. J. Kuang, K. Sun, S. Sukrittanon, K. Takabayashi, I. Kamiya, N. S. Lewis, and C. W. Tu
Nano Energy, 2015, 15, 782-788
10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.06.003

Semiconducting ZnSnxGe1-xN2 alloys prepared by reactive radio-frequency sputtering
A. M. Shing, N. C. Coronel, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater
APL Materials, 2015, 3, 076104
10.1063/1.4927009

A low-temperature synthesis of electrochemical active Pt nanoparticles and thin films by atomic layer deposition on Si(111) and glassy carbon surfaces
R. Liu, L. H. Han, Z. Q. Huang, I. M. Ferrer, A. H. M. Smets, M. Zeeman, B. S. Brunschwig, and N. S. Lewis
Thin Solid Films, 2015, 586, 28-34
10.1016/j.tsf.2015.04.018

Sputtered NiOx Films for Stabilization of p(+)n-InP Photoanodes for Solar-Driven Water Oxidation
K. Sun, Y. J. Kuang, E. Verlage, B. S. Brunschwig, C. W. Tu, and N. S. Lewis
Advanced Energy Materials, 2015, 5, 1402276
10.1002/aenm.201402276

Tailoring of Interfacial Mechanical Shear Strength by Surface Chemical Modification of Silicon Microwires Embedded in Nafion Membranes
B. M. Gallant, W. X. Gu, D. Z. Chen, J. R. Greer, and N. S. Lewis
ACS Nano, 2015, 9, 5143-5153
10.1021/acsnano.5b00468

Comparison of the Performance of CoP-Coated and Pt-Coated Radial Junction n(+)p-Silicon Microwire-Array Photocathodes for the Sunlight-Driven Reduction of Water to H2(g)
C. W. Roske, E. J. Popczun, B. Seger, C. G. Read, T. Pedersen, O. Hansen, P. C. K. Vesborg, B. S. Brunschwig, R. E. Schaak, I. Chorkendorff, H. B. Gray and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2015, 6, 1679-1683
10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b00495

Stable solar-driven oxidation of water by semiconducting photoanodes protected by transparent catalytic nickel oxide films
K. Sun, F. H. Saadi, M. F. Lichterman, W. G. Hale, H.-P. Wang, X. H. Zhou, N. T. Plymale, S. T. Omelchenko, J.-H. He, K. M. Papadantonakis, B. S. Brunschwig, and N. S. Lewis
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2015, 112, 3612-3617
10.1073/pnas.1423034112

Stable Solar-Driven Water Oxidation to O2(g) by Ni-Oxide-Coated Silicon Photoanodes
K. Sun, M. T. McDowell, A. C. Nielander, S. Hu, M. R. Shaner, F. Yang, B. S. Brunschwig, and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2015, 6, 592-598
10.1021/jz5026195

Use of Mixed CH3-/HC(O)CH2CH2-Si(111) Functionality to Control Interfacial Chemical and Electronic Properties During the Atomic-Layer Deposition of Ultrathin Oxides on Si(111)
L. E. O'Leary, N. C. Strandwitz, C. W. Roske, S. Pyo, B. S. Brunschwig, and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2015, 6, 722-726
10.1021/jz502542a

Microwave Near-Field Imaging of Two-Dimensional Semiconductors
S. Berweger, J. C. Weber, J. John, J. M. Velazquez, A. Pieterick, N. A. Sanford, A. V. Davydov, B. Brunschwig, N. S. Lewis, T. M. Wallis, P. Kabos
Nano Letters, 2015, 15, 1122-1127
10.1021/nl504960u

Modeling, Simulation, and Fabrication of a Fully Integrated, Acid-stable, Scalable Solar-Driven Water-Splitting System
K. Walczak, Y. Chen, C. Karp, J. W. Beeman, M. R. Shaner, J. Spurgeon, I. D. Sharp, X. Amashukeli, W. West, J. Jin, N. S. Lewis, and C. Xiang
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 544-551
10.1002/cssc.201402896

Ordered Silicon Microwire Arrays Grown from Substrates Patterned Using Imprint Lithography and Electrodeposition
H. A. Audesirk, E. L. Warren, J. Ku, and N. S. Lewis
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2015, 7, 1396-1400
10.1021/am507200j

Operational constraints and strategies for systems to effect the sustainable, solar-driven reduction of atmospheric CO2
Y. Chen, N. S. Lewis, and C. Xiang
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 3663-3674
10.1039/c5ee02908b

A monolithically integrated, intrinsically safe, 10% efficient, solar-driven water-splitting system based on active, stable earth-abundant electrocatalysts in conjunction with tandem III-V light absorbers protected by amorphous TiO2 films
E. Verlage, S. Hu, R. Liu, R. J. R. Jones, K. Sun, C. Xiang, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 3166-3172
10.1039/c5ee01786f

Methods of photoelectrode characterization with high spatial and temporal resolution
D. V. Esposito, J. B. Baxter, J. John, N. S. Lewis, T. P. Moffat, T. Ogitsu, G. D. O’Neil, T. A. Pham, A. A. Talin, J. M. Velazquez, B. C. Wood
Energy & Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 2863-2885
10.1039/c5ee00835b

Methods for comparing the performance of energy-conversion systems for use in solar fuels and solar electricity generation
R. H. Coridan, A. C. Nielander, S. A. Francis, M. T. McDowell, V. Dix, S. M. Chatman, and N. S. Lewis
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 2886-2901
10.1039/c5ee00777a

Functional integration of Ni-Mo electrocatalysts with Si microwire array photocathodes to simultaneously achieve high fill factors and light-limited photocurrent densities for solar-driven hydrogen evolution
M. R. Shaner, J. R. McKone, H. B. Gray, and N. S. Lewis
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 2977-2984
10.1039/c5ee01076d

Interface engineering of the photoelectrochemical performance of Ni-oxide-coated n-Si photoanodes by atomic-layer deposition of ultrathin films of cobalt oxide
X. Zhou, R. Liu, K. Sun, D. Friedrich, M. T. McDowell, F. Yang, S. T. Omelchenko, F. H. Saadi, A. C. Nielander, S. Yalamanchili, K. M. Papadantonakis, B. S. Brunschwig, and N. S Lewis
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 2644-2649
10.1039/c5ee01687h

An electrochemical engineering assessment of the operational conditions and constraints for solar-driven water-splitting systems at near-neutral pH
M. R. Singh, K. M. Papadantonakis, C. Xiang, and N. S. Lewis
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 2760-2767
10.1039/c5ee01721a

Direct observation of the energetics at a semiconductor/liquid junction by operando X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
M. F. Lichterman, S. Hu, M. H. Richter, E. J. Crumlin, S. Axnanda, M. Favaro, W. Drisdell, Z. Hussain, T. Mayer, B. S. Brunschwig, N. S. Lewis, Z. Liu, and H. J. Lewerenz
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 2409-2416
10.1039/c5ee01014d

A quantitative analysis of the efficiency of solar-driven water-splitting device designs based on tandem photoabsorbers patterned with islands of metallic electrocatalysts
Y. Chen, K. Sun, H. Audesirk, C. Xiang, N. S. Lewis
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 1736-1747
10.1039/c5ee00311c

Unassisted solar-driven photoelectrosynthetic HI splitting using membrane-embedded Si microwire arrays
S. Ardo, S. H. Park, E. L. Warren, N. S. Lewis
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 1484-1492
10.1039/c5ee00227c

A sensitivity analysis to assess the relative importance of improvements in electrocatalysts, light absorbers, and system geometry on the efficiency of solar-fuels generators
Y. Chen, S. Hu, C. Xiang, and N. S. Lewis
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 876-886
10.1039/c4ee02314e

Highly branched cobalt phosphide nanostructures for hydrogen-evolution electrocatalysis
E. J. Popczun, C. W. Roske, C. G. Read, J. C. Crompton, J. M. McEnaney, J. F. Callejas, N. S. Lewis, and R. E. Schaak
Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2015, 3, 5420-5425
10.1039/c4ta06642a

Electrochemical surface science twenty years later: Expeditions into the electrocatalysis of reactions at the core of artificial photosynthesis
M. P. Soriaga, J. H. Baricuatro, K. D. Cummins, Y.-G. Kim, F. H. Saadi, G. F. Sun, C. C. L. McCrory, J. R. McKone, J. M. Velazquez, I. M. Ferrer, A. I. Carim, A. Javier, B. Chmielowiec, D. C. Lacey, J. M. Gregoire, J. Sanabria-Chinchilla, X. Amashukeli, R. W. Royea, B. S. Brunschwig, J. C. Hemminger, N. S. Lewis, and J. L. Stickney
Surface Science, 2015, 631, 285-294
10.1016/j.susc.2014.06.028

A taxonomy for solar fuels generators
A. C. Nielander, M. R. Shaner, K. M. Papadantonakis, S. A. Francis, N. S. Lewis
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 16-25
10.1039/c4ee02251c

Stabilization of Si microwire arrays for solar-driven H2O oxidation to O2(g) in 1.0 M KOH(aq) using conformal coatings of amorphous TiO2
M. R. Shaner, S. Hu, K. Sun, and N. S Lewis
Energy and Environmental Science, 2015, 8, 203-207
10.1039/c4ee03012e

CoP as an Acid-Stable Active Electrocatalyst for the Hydrogen-Evolution Reaction: Electrochemical Synthesis, Interfacial Characterization and Performance Evaluation
F. H. Saadi, A. I. Carim, E. Verlage, J. C. Hemminger, N. S. Lewis, and M. P. Soriaga
J. Phys. Chem. C, 2014, 118, 29294–29300
10.1021/jp5054452

Electrocatalytic and Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production from Acidic and Neutral-pH Aqueous Solutions Using Iron Phosphide Nanoparticles
J. F. Callejas, J. M. McEnaney, C. G. Read, J. C. Crompton, A. J. Biacchi, E. J. Popczun, T. R. Gordon, N. S. Lewis, and R. E. Schaak
ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 11101-11107
10.1021/nn5048553

Measurement of the Electrical Resistance of n-Type Si Microwire/p-Type Conducting Polymer Junctions for Use in Artificial Photosynthesis
J. P. Bruce, S. Asgari, S. Ardo, N. S. Lewis, D. R. Oliver, and M. S. Freund
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2014, 118, 27742-27748
10.1021/jp509211k

Use of Bipolar Membranes for Maintaining Steady-State pH Gradients in Membrane-Supported, Solar-Driven Water Splitting
M. B. McDonald, S. Ardo, N. S. Lewis, and M. S. Freund
ChemSusChem, 2014, 7, 3021-3027
10.1002/cssc.201402288

Cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of a near-IR fluorescent corrole-TiO2 nanoconjugate
C. M. Blumenfeld, B. F. Sadtler, G. E. Fernandez, L. Dara, C. Nguyen, F. Alonso-Valenteen, L. Medina-Kauwe, R. A. Moats, N. S. Lewis, R. H. Grubbs, H. B. Gray, and K. Sorasaenee
Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 2014, 140, 39-44
10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2014.06.015

Assembly, characterization, and electrochemical properties of immobilized metal bipyridyl complexes on silicon(111) surfaces
J. R. C. Lattimer, J. D. Blakemore, W. Sattler, S. Gul, R. Chatterjee, V. K. Yachandra, J. Yano, B. S. Brunschwig, N. S. Lewis, and H. B. Gray
Dalton Transactions, 2014, 43, 15004-15012
10.1039/c4dt01149j

What a Difference a Bond Makes: The Structural, Chemical, and Physical Properties of Methyl-Terminated Si(111) Surfaces
K. T. Wong, and N. S. Lewis
Accounts of Chemical Research, 2014, 47, 3037-3044
10.1021/ar500207y

Low Temperature Solution-Phase Deposition of SnS Thin Films
P. D. Antunez, D. A. Torelli, F. Yang, F. A. Rabuffetti, N. S. Lewis, and R. L. Brutchey
Chemistry of Materials, 2014, 26, 5444-5446
10.1021/cm503124u

Stabilization of n-Cadmium Telluride Photoanodes for Water Oxidation to O2(g) in Aqueous Alkaline Electrolytes Using Amorphous TiO2 Films Formed by Atomic-Layer Deposition
M. F. Lichterman, A. I. Carim, M. T. McDowell, S. Hu, H. B. Gray, B. S. Brunschwig, N. S. Lewis
Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 3334-3337
10.1039/C4EE01914H

Improved Stability of Polycrystalline Bismuth Vanadate Photoanodes by Use of Dual-Layer Thin TiO2/Ni Coatings
M. T. McDowell, M. F. Lichterman, J. M. Spurgeon, S. Hu, I. D. Sharp, B. S. Brunschwig, N. S. Lewis
J. Phys. Chem. C, 2014, 118, 19618–19624
10.1021/jp506133y

An Experimental and Modeling/Simulation-Based Evaluation of the Efficiency and Operational Performance Characteristics of an Integrated, Membrane-Free, Neutral pH Solar-Driven Water-Splitting System
J. Jin, K. Walczak, M. R. Singh, C. Karp, N. S. Lewis, C. Xiang
Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 3371-3380
10.1039/C4EE01824A

Measurement of minority-carrier diffusion lengths using wedge-shaped semiconductor photoelectrodes
R. A. Pala, A. J. Leenheer, M. Lichterman, H. A. Atwater, and N. S. Lewis
Energy and Environmental Science, 2014, 7, 3424-3430
10.1039/c4ee01580k

Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution using amorphous tungsten phosphide nanoparticles
J. M. McEnaney, J. C. Crompton, J. F. Callejas, E. J. Popczun, C. G. Read, N. S. Lewis, and R. E. Schaak
Chemical Communications, 2014, 50, 11026-11028
10.1039/c4cc04709e

Comparison between the measured and modeled hydrogen-evolution activity of Ni- or Pt-coated silicon photocathodes
Z. Huang, J. R. McKone, C. Xiang, R. L. Grimm, E. L. Warren, J. M. Spurgeon, H. J. Lewerenz, B. S. Brunschwig, and N. S. Lewis
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2014, 39, 16220-16226
10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.12.162

Operando Synthesis of Macroporous Molybdenum Diselenide Films for Electrocatalysis of the Hydrogen-Evolution Reaction
F. H. Saadi, A. I. Carim, J. M. Velazquez, J. H. Baricuatro, C. C. L. McCrory, M. P. Soriaga, N. S. Lewis
ACS Catalysis, 2014, 4, 2866
10.1021/cs500412u

Electrocatalysis of the Hydrogen-Evolution Reaction by Electrodeposited Amorphous Cobalt Selenide
A. I. Carim, F. H. Saadi, M. P. Soriaga, N. S. Lewis
J. Mater. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 13835
10.1039/c4ta02611j

Amorphous Molybdenum Phosphide Nanoparticles for Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution
J. M. McEnaney, J. C. Crompton, J. F. Callejas, E. J. Popczun, A. J. Biacchi, N. S. Lewis, and R. E. Schaak
Chemistry of Materials, 2014, 26, 4826-4831
10.1021/cm502035s

The interaction of organic adsorbate vibrations with substrate lattice waves in methyl-Si(111)-(1 x 1)
R. D. Brown, Z. M. Hund, D. Campi, L. E. O'Leary, N. S. Lewis, M. Bernasconi, G. Benedek, and S. J. Sibener
Journal of Chemical Physics, 2014, 141, 024702
10.1063/1.4886810

Vapor Sensing Characteristics of Nanoelectromechanical Chemical Sensors Functionalized Using Surface-Initiated Polymerization
H. C. McCaig, E. Myers, N. S. Lewis, and M. L. Roukes
Nano Letters, 2014, 14, 3728-3732
10.1021/nl500475b

Operation of lightly doped Si microwires under high-level injection conditions
E. A. Santori, N. C. Strandwitz, R. L. Grimm, B. S. Brunschwig, H. A. Atwater, and N. S. Lewis
Energy and Environmental Science, 2014, 7, 2329-2338
10.1039/c4ee00202d

Amorphous TiO2 Coatings Stabilize Si, GaAs, and GaP Photoanodes for Efficent Water Oxidation
S. Hu, M. R. Shaner, J. A. Beardslee, M. Lichterman, Bruce S. Brunchwig, N. S. Lewis
Science, 2014, 344, 1005
10.1126/science.1251428

Synthesis and hydrogen-evolution activity of tungsten selenide thin films deposited on tungsten foils
J. M. Velazquez, F. H. Saadi, A. P. Pieterick, J. M. Spurgeon, M. P. Soriaga, B. S. Brunschwig and N. S. Lewis
J. Electroanal. Chem., 2014 , 716, 45-48
10.1016/j.jelechem.2013.11.030

Highly Active Electrocatalysis of the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction by Cobalt Phosphide Nanoparticles
E. J. Popczun, C. G. Read, C. W. Roske, Lewis, and R. E. Schaak
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition, 2014, 53, 5427-5430
10.1002/anie.201402646

Photoelectrochemical Behavior of Hierarchically Structured Si/WO3 Core–Shell Tandem Photoanodes
R. H. Coridan, K. A. Arpin, B. S. Brunschwig, P. V. Braun and N. S. Lewis
Nano Letters, 2014,
dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl404623t

Solar energy conversion via hot electron internal photoemission in metallic nanostructures: Efficiency estimates
A. J. Leenheer, P. Narang, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater
Journal of Applied Physics, 2014, 115, 134301
10.1063/1.4870040

Two stories from the ISACS 12 conference: solar-fuel devices and catalyst identification
Z. Huang, C. Xiang, H. J. Lewerenz, and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2014, 7, 1207
10.1039/c3ee90043f

Bandgap Tunability in Zn(Sn,Ge)N-2 Semiconductor Alloys
P. Narang, S. Chen, N. C. Coronel, S. Gul, J. Yano, L. W. Wang, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater
Advanced Materials, 2014, 26, 1235
10.1002/adma.201304473

Photoelectrochemistry of core-shell tandem junction n-p(+)-Si/n-WO3 microwire array photoelectrodes
M. R. Shaner, K. T. Fountaine, S. Ardo, R. H. Coridan, H. A. Atwater, and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2014, 7, 779
10.1039/c3ee43048k

Silicon Microwire Arrays for Solar Energy-Conversion Applications
E. L. Warren, H. A. Atwater, and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2014
10.1021/jp406280x

Will Solar-Driven Water-Splitting Devices See the Light of Day?
J. R. McKone, N. S. Lewis, and H. B. Gray
Chemistry of Materials, 2014 , 26, 407\\
10.1021/cm4021518

Modeling the Performance of an Integrated Photoelectrolysis System with 10 x Solar Concentrators
Y. Chen, C. Xiang, S. Hu, and N. S. Lewis
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2014, 161, F1101-F1110
10.1149/2.0751410jes

Redox Properties of Mixed Methyl/Vinylferrocenyl Monolayers on Si(111) Surfaces
J. R. C. Lattimer, B. S. Brunschwig, N. S. Lewis, and H. B. Gray
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013, 117, 27012-27022
10.1021/jp409958c

Simulations of the irradiation and temperature dependence of the efficiency of tandem photoelectrochemical water-splitting systems
S. Haussener, S. Hu, C. Xiang, A. Z. Webber, and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2013, 6, 3605
10.1039/c3ee41302k

Modeling an integrated photoelectrolysis system sustained by water vapor
C. Xiang, Y. Chen, and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2013, 6, 3713
10.1039/c3ee42143k

Photoelectrochemical Behavior of n-Type Si(111) Electrodes Coated with a Single Layer of Graphene
Adam C. Nielander, Matthew J. Bierman, Nicholas Petrone, Nicholas C. Strandwitz, Shane Ardo, Fan Yang, James Hone, and Nathan S. Lewis
Journal of The American Chemical Society, 2013
10.1021/ja407462g

Enhanced Stability and Activity for Water Oxidation in Alkaline Media with Bismuth Vanadate Photoelectrodes Modified with a Cobalt Oxide Catalytic Layer Produced by Atomic Layer Deposition
Michael F. Lichterman, Matthew R. Shaner, Sheila G. Handler, Bruce S. Brunschwig, Harry B. Gray, Nathan S. Lewis, and Joshua M. Spurgeon
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2013
10.1021/jz4022415

Phototropic growth control of nanoscale pattern formation in photoelectrodeposited Se–Te films
B. Sadtler, S. P. Burgos, N. A. Batara, J. A. Beardslee, H. A. Atwater, and N. S. Lewis
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2013
10.1073/pnas.1315539110

Measurement of the Band Bending and Surface Dipole at Chemically Functionalized Si(111)/Vacuum Interfaces
David C. Gleason-Rohrer, Bruce S. Brunschwig, and Nathan S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013, 117, 18031
10.1021/jp401585s

Photoelectrochemical oxidation of anions by WO3 in aqueous and nonaqueous electrolytes
Q. X. Mi, R. H. Coridan, B. S. Brunschwig, H. B. Gray and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2013 , 6, 2646-2653
10.1039/c3ee40712h

An analysis of the optimal band gaps of light absorbers in integrated tandem photoelectrochemical water-splitting systems
S. Hu, C. Xiang, S. Haussener, A. D. Berger and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2013 , 6, 2984-2993
10.1039/c3ee40453f

Detection of ammonia, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, and common organic vapors using thin-film carbon black-metalloporphyrin composite chemiresistors
E. Garcia-Berrios, J. C. Theriot, M. D. Woodka and N. S. Lewis
Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical, 2013 , 188, 761-767
10.1016/j.snb.2013.07.006

Energy-band alignment of II-VI/Zn3P2 heterojunctions from x-ray photoemission spectroscopy
J. P. Bosco, D. O. Scanlon, G. W. Watson, N. S. Lewis and H. A. Atwater
Journal of Applied Physics, 2013 , 113, 8
10.1063/1.4807646

Combined Theoretical and Experimental Study of Band-Edge Control of Si through Surface Functionalization
Y. Li, L. E. O'Leary, N. S. Lewis and G. Galli
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013 , 117, 5188-5194
10.1021/jp3124583

Photoelectrochemical Behavior of n-type Si(100) Electrodes Coated with Thin Films of Manganese Oxide Grown by Atomic Layer Deposition
N. C. Strandwitz, D. J. Comstock, R. L. Grimm, A. C. Nichols-Nielander, J. Elam and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013 , 117, 4931-4936
10.1021/jp311207x

Optical, electrical, and solar energy-conversion properties of gallium arsenide nanowire-array photoanodes
S. Hu, C. Y. Chi, K. T. Fountaine, M. Q. Yao, H. A. Atwater, P. D. Dapkus, N. S. Lewis and C. W. Zhou
Energy & Environmental Science, 2013 , 6, 1879-1890
10.1039/c3ee40243f

Nanostructured Nickel Phosphide as an Electrocatalyst for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
E. J. Popczun, J. R. McKone, C. G. Read, A. J. Biacchi, A. M. Wiltrout, N. S. Lewis and R. E. Schaak
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2013 , 135, 9267-9270
10.1021/ja403440e

Heck Coupling of Olefins to Mixed Methyl/Thienyl Monolayers on Si(111) Surfaces
L. E. O'Leary, M. J. Rose, T. X. Ding, E. Johansson, B. S. Brunschwig and N. S. Lewis
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2013 , 135, 10081-10090
10.1021/ja402495e

Electrical Junction Behavior of Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) Contacts to H-Terminated and CH3-Terminated p-, n-, and n(+)-Si(111) Surfaces
M. G. Walter, X. L. Liu, L. E. O'Leary, B. S. Brunschwig and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013 , 117, 14485-14492
10.1021/jp4018162

Comparison between the Quantum Yields of Compact and Porous WO3 Photoanodes
K. R. Reyes-Gil, C. Wiggenhorn, B. S. Brunschwig and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013 , 117, 14947-14957
10.1021/jp4025624

Hydrogen Evolution from Pt/Ru-Coated p-Type WSe2 Photocathodes
J. R. McKone, A. P. Pieterick, H. B. Gray and N. S. Lewis
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2013 , 135, 223-231
10.1021/ja308581g

Pseudomorphic growth and strain relaxation of alpha-Zn3P2 on GaAs(001) by molecular beam epitaxy
J. P. Bosco, G. M. Kimball, N. S. Lewis and H. A. Atwater
Journal of Crystal Growth, 2013 , 363, 205-210
10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2012.10.054

Vibrational Sum Frequency Spectroscopic Investigation of the Azimuthal Anisotropy and Rotational Dynamics of Methyl-Terminated Silicon(111) Surfaces
S. Malyk, F. Y. Shalhout, L. E. O'Leary, N. S. Lewis and A. V. Benderskii
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013 , 117, 935-944
10.1021/jp3067298

Ni-Mo Nanopowders for Efficient Electrochemical Hydrogen Evolution
J. R. McKone, B. F. Sadtler, C. A. Werlang, N. S. Lewis and H. B. Gray
Acs Catalysis, 2013 , 3, 166-169
10.1021/cs300691m

A Comparison of the Behavior of Single Crystalline and Nanowire Array ZnO Photoanodes
A. Fitch, N. C. Strandwitz, B. S. Brunschwig and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013 , 117, 2008-2015
10.1021/jp3098457

Hybridization of Surface Waves with Organic Adlayer Librations: A Helium Atom Scattering and Density Functional Perturbation Theory Study of Methyl-Si(111)
R. D. Brown, Z. M. Hund, D. Campi, L. E. O'Leary, N. S. Lewis, M. Bernasconi, G. Benedek and S. J. Sibener
Physical Review Letters, 2013 , 110, 5
10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.156102

Electrical and Photoelectrochemical Properties of WO3/Si Tandem Photoelectrodes
R. H. Coridan, M. Shaner, C. Wiggenhorn, B. S. Brunschwig and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013 , 117, 6949-6957
10.1021/jp311947x

Simulations of the Irradiation and Temperature Dependence of the Efficiency of Tandem Photoelectrochemical Water-splitting Systems
S. Haussener, S. Hu, C. Xiang, A. Z. Webber, and N. S. Lewis
Electrochemical Synthesis of Fuels 2, 2013 , 58, 293
10.1149/05802.0293ecst

Photoelectrochemical Behavior of Planar and Microwire-Array Si|GaP Electrodes
N. C. Strandwitz, D. B. Turner-Evans, A. C. Tamboli, C. T. Chen, H. A. Atwater and N. S. Lewis
Advanced Energy Materials, 2012 , 2, 1109-1116
10.1002/aenm.201100728

Evaluation and optimization of mass transport of redox species in silicon microwire-array photoelectrodes
C. Xiang, A. C. Meng and N. S. Lewis
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2012 , 109, 15622-15627
10.1073/pnas.1118338109

Hydrogen-evolution characteristics of Ni-Mo-coated, radial junction, n(+)p-silicon microwire array photocathodes
E. L. Warren, J. R. McKone, H. A. Atwater, H. B. Gray and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2012 , 5, 9653-9661
10.1039/c2ee23192a

Band alignment of epitaxial ZnS/Zn3P2 heterojunctions
J. P. Bosco, S. B. Demers, G. M. Kimball, N. S. Lewis and H. A. Atwater
Journal of Applied Physics, 2012 , 112, 6
10.1063/1.4759280

Magnetic Field Alignment of Randomly Oriented, High Aspect Ratio Silicon Microwires into Vertically Oriented Arrays
J. A. Beardslee, B. Sadtler and N. S. Lewis
Acs Nano, 2012 , 6, 10303-10310
10.1021/nn304180k

Thermally Stable N-2-Intercalated WO3 Photoanodes for Water Oxidation
Q. X. Mi, Y. Ping, Y. Li, B. F. Cao, B. S. Brunschwig, P. G. Khalifah, G. A. Galli, H. B. Gray and N. S. Lewis
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2012 , 134, 18318-18324
10.1021/ja3067622

Comparison of the Photoelectrochemical Behavior of H-Terminated and Methyl-Terminated Si(111) Surfaces in Contact with a Series of One-Electron, Outer-Sphere Redox Couples in CH3CN
R. L. Grimm, M. J. Bierman, L. E. O'Leary, N. C. Strandwitz, B. S. Brunschwig and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2012 , 116, 23569-23576
10.1021/jp308461q

Passivation of Zn3P2 substrates by aqueous chemical etching and air oxidation
G. M. Kimball, J. P. Bosco, A. M. Muller, S. F. Tajdar, B. S. Brunschwig, H. A. Atwater and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Applied Physics, 2012 , 112, 3
10.1063/1.4765030

Photoanodic behavior of vapor-liquid-solid-grown, lightly doped, crystalline Si microwire arrays
E. A. Santori, J. R. Maiolo, M. J. Bierman, N. C. Strandwitz, M. D. Kelzenberg, B. S. Brunschwig, H. A. Atwater and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2012 , 5, 6867-6871
10.1039/c2ee03468a

In Situ Nanomechanical Measurements of Interfacial Strength in Membrane-Embedded Chemically Functionalized Si Microwires for Flexible Solar Cells
C. J. Cho, L. O'Leary, N. S. Lewis and J. R. Greer
Nano Letters, 2012 , 12, 3296-3301
10.1021/nl3014007

Design and Construction of Absorption Cells for Precision Radial Velocities in the K Band Using Methane Isotopologues
G. Anglada-Escude, P. Plavchan, S. Mills, P. Gao, E. Garcia-Berrios, N. S. Lewis, K. Sung, D. Ciardi, C. Beichman, C. Brinkworth, J. Johnson, C. Davison, R. White and L. Prato
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 2012 , 124, 586-597
10.1086/666489

Wafer-Scale Growth of Silicon Microwire Arrays for Photovoltaics and Solar Fuel Generation
A. C. Tamboli, C. T. Chen, E. L. Warren, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. D. Kelzenberg, N. S. Lewis and H. A. Atwater
Ieee Journal of Photovoltaics, 2012 , 2, 294-297
10.1109/jphotov.2012.2191941

A quantitative assessment of the competition between water and anion oxidation at WO3 photoanodes in acidic aqueous electrolytes
Q. X. Mi, A. Zhanaidarova, B. S. Brunschwig, H. B. Gray and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2012 , 5, 5694-5700
10.1039/c2ee02929d

Modeling, simulation, and design criteria for photoelectrochemical water-splitting systems
S. Haussener, C. Xiang, J. M. Spurgeon, S. Ardo, N. S. Lewis and A. Z. Weber
Energy & Environmental Science, 2012 , 5, 9922-9935
10.1039/c2ee23187e

Comparison between the electrical junction properties of H-terminated and methyl-terminated individual Si microwire/polymer assemblies for photoelectrochemical fuel production
I. Yahyaie, S. Ardo, D. R. Oliver, D. J. Thomson, M. S. Freund and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2012 , 5, 9789-9794
10.1039/c2ee23115h

Characterization of the Electrical Properties of Individual p-Si Microwire/Polymer/n-Si Microwire Assemblies
I. Yahyaie, K. McEleney, M. G. Walter, D. R. Oliver, D. J. Thomson, M. S. Freund and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2011 , 115, 24945-24950
10.1021/jp2088719

Electrical Characterization of Si Microwires and of Si Microwire/Conducting Polymer Composite Junctions
I. Yahyaie, K. McEleney, M. Walter, D. R. Oliver, D. J. Thomson, M. S. Freund and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2011 , 2, 675-680
10.1021/jz2001375

Electrical conductivity, ionic conductivity, optical absorption, and gas separation properties of ionically conductive polymer membranes embedded with Si microwire arrays
J. M. Spurgeon, M. G. Walter, J. F. Zhou, P. A. Kohl and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2011 , 4, 1772-1780
10.1039/c1ee01028j

Proton exchange membrane electrolysis sustained by water vapor
J. M. Spurgeon and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2011 , 4, 2993-2998
10.1039/c1ee01203g

Designing electronic/ionic conducting membranes for artificial photosynthesis
S. L. McFarlane, B. A. Day, K. McEleney, M. S. Freund and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2011 , 4, 1700-1703
10.1039/c0ee00384k

Transmission Infrared Spectra of CH3-, CD3-, and C10H21-Ge(111) Surfaces
D. Knapp, B. S. Brunschwig and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2011 , 115, 16389-16397
10.1021/jp110550t

Composites of carboxylate-capped TiO2 nanoparticles and carbon black as chemiresistive vapor sensors
E. Garcia-Berrios, T. Gao, D. Walker, B. S. Brunschwig and N. S. Lewis
Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical, 2011 , 158, 17-22
10.1016/j.snb.2011.04.022

Response and Discrimination Performance of Arrays of Organothiol-Capped Au Nanoparticle Chemiresistive Vapor Sensors
E. Garcia-Berrios, T. Gao, J. C. Theriot, M. D. Woodka, B. S. Brunschwig and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2011 , 115, 6208-6217
10.1021/jp110793h

Evaluation of Pt, Ni, and Ni-Mo electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution on crystalline Si electrodes
J. R. McKone, E. L. Warren, M. J. Bierman, S. W. Boettcher, B. S. Brunschwig, N. S. Lewis and H. B. Gray
Energy and Environmental Science, 2011, 4, 3573-3583
10.1039/C1EE01488A

Control of the pH-Dependence of the Band Edges of Si(111) Surfaces Using Mixed Methyl/Allyl Monolayers
E. Johansson, S. W. Boettcher, L. E. O’Leary, A. D. Poletayev, S. Maldonado, B. S. Brunschwig, and Nathan S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2011 , 115 (17), 8594.
10.1021/jp109799e

820 mV open-circuit voltages from Cu2O/CH3CN junctions
C. Xiang, G. M. Kimball, R. L. Grimm, B. S. Brunschwig, H. A. Atwater, and N. S. Lewis
Energy & Environmental Science, 2011
10.1039/c0ee00554a

High-performance Si microwire photovoltaics
M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, R. M. Briggs, J. Y. Baek, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater
Energy & Environmental Science, 2011 , 4, 866-871
10.1039/C0EE00549E

Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Evolution Using Si Microwire Arrays
S. W. Boettcher, E. L. Warren, M. C. Putnam, E. A. Santori, D. Turner-Evans, M. D. Kelzenberg, M. G. Walter, J. R. McKone, B. S. Brunschwig, H. A. Atwater and N. S. Lewis
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2011 , 133, 1216-1219
10.1021/ja108801m

Mg doping and alloying in Zn3P2 heterojunction solar cells
G. M. Kimball, N. S. Lewis and H. A. Atwater
IEEE, 2010 , 1039-1043

Photoelectrochemical water splitting: silicon photocathodes for hydrogen evolution
E. L. Warren, S. W. Boettcher, J. R. McKone and N. S. Lewis
Spie-Int Soc Optical Engineering, 2010 , 7770,
10.1117/12.860994

pH-Independent, 520 mV Open-Circuit Voltages of Si/Methyl Viologen2+/+ Contacts Through Use of Radial n+p-Si Junction Microwire Array Photoelectrodes
E. L. Warren, S. W. Boettcher, M. G. Walter, H. A. Atwater and N. S. Lewis
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2010 , 115, 594-598
10.1021/jp109147p

Helium atom diffraction measurements of the surface structure and vibrational dynamics of CH3-Si(111) and CD3-Si(111) surfaces
J. S. Becker, R. D. Brown, E. Johansson, N. S. Lewis and S. J. Sibener
Journal of Chemical Physics, 2010, 133, art. no. 104705
10.1063/1.3483465

Response versus Chain Length of Alkanethiol-Capped Au Nanoparticle Chemiresistive Chemical Vapor Sensors
E. Garcia-Berrios, T. Gao, M. D. Woodka, S. Maldonado, B. S. Brunschwig, M. W. Ellsworth and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2010, 114, 21914-21920
10.1021/jp101331g

Nanoelectromechanical Resonator Arrays for Ultrafast, Gas-Phase Chromatographic Chemical Analysis
M. Li, E. B. Myers, H. X. Tang, S. J. Aldridge, H. C. McCaig, J. J. Whiting, R. J. Simonson, N. S. Lewis and M. L. Roukes
Nano Letters, 2010, 10, 3899-3903
10.1021/nl101586s

Synthesis and Characterization of Mixed Methyl/Allyl Monolayers on Si(111)
L. E. O'Leary, E. Johansson, B. S. Brunschwig and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2010, 114, 14298-14302
10.1021/jp911379c

Solar Water Splitting Cells
M. G. Walter, E. L. Warren, J. R. McKone, S. W. Boettcher, Q. X. Mi, E. A. Santori and N. S. Lewis
Chemical Reviews, 2010, 110, 6446-6473
10.1021/cr1002326

Flexible, Polymer-Supported, Si Wire Array Photoelectrodes
J. M. Spurgeon, S. W. Boettcher, M. D. Kelzenberg, B. S. Brunschwig, H. A. Atwater and N. S. Lewis
Advanced Materials, 2010, 22, 3277–3281
10.1002/adma.201000602

Si microwire-array solar cells
M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, J. M. Spurgeon, E. L. Warren, R. M. Briggs, N. S. Lewis and H. A. Atwater
Energy & Environmental Science, 2010, 3, 1037-1041
10.1039/c0ee00014k

Chemical, Electronic, and Electrical Properties of Alkylated Ge(111) Surfaces
D. Knapp, B. S. Brunschwig and N. S. Lewis
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2010, 114, 12300-12307
10.1021/jp101375x

Enhanced absorption and carrier collection in Si wire arrays for photovoltaic applications
M. D. Kelzenberg, S. W. Boettcher, J. A. Petykiewicz, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, E. L. Warren, J. M. Spurgeon, R. M. Briggs, N. S. Lewis and H. A. Atwater
Nature Materials, 2010, 9, 239-244
10.1038/nmat2635

Energy-Conversion Properties of Vapor-Liquid-Solid-Grown Silicon Wire-Array Photocathodes
S. W. Boettcher, J. M. Spurgeon, M. C. Putnam, E. L. Warren, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. D. Kelzenberg, J. R. Maiolo, H. A. Atwater and N. S. Lewis
Science, 2010, 327, 185-187
10.1126/science.1180783

Lewis Research Group, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Caltech 127-72, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, California 91125